By Jan Dusek
The subject of the publication stands at the intersection of epigraphy and ancient learn: the Aramaic and Hebrew inscriptions came upon within the area of the Yahwistic sanctuary on Mt. Gerizim and their old historical past. The learn addresses the facts from 3 views: the paleography and courting of the inscriptions; the id of the group who carved them and its associations; and, ultimately, the bigger ancient and political context during which the inscriptions have been produced. This e-book is very precious for historians of Palestine within the moment Temple interval, for biblical students, and for these facing Aramaic and Hebrew paleography and epigraphy.
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Extra info for Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Mt. Gerizim and Samaria Between Antiochus III and Antiochus IV Epiphanes
And ) the head of waw is round, like in the cursive style. – Zayin – Zayin consists of two—upper and lower—horizontal bars joined by one vertical or diagonal line. Het . – Het . consists of two vertical downstrokes joined in the upper part by a horizontal line. The right leg can rise above the junction with the horizontal bar; it can also remain on the same level as the horizontal bar. The right leg often rises above it in the cursive style. Tet . – Tet . is not attested in the Aramaic monumental inscriptions.
Shin – – The left stroke of the shin can be diagonal or vertical, as in the cursive style. In inscription no. , the shin has an unusual form and looks like a Greek omega. A similar shin is attested in the Paleo-Hebrew inscription no. and as a mason’s mark on stone no. . Taw – The taw can have the left leg longer than the right leg. In some cases both legs have the same length, and sometimes the left leg finishes downward in a small tail. These variants do not seem to reflect different styles of script because one inscription can contain two different variants of taw (for example no.
Lah. 56 – The final nun consisting of upright downstroke without head or baseline is attested in no. and . – The form of nun with head and without baseline is attested in final form in the inscriptions no. , and . In these two cases, it is not clear whether the middle and initial form would be the same or different. This final form of nun is attested in the final and initial position in no. ; the middle position is different. In inscription no. , this type of final nun is attested in the middle position.