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Download Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank PDF

By Ammonius, David A. Blank

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his good judgment, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their uncomplicated parts - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of adversarial affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his skill as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the good sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up via his scholars, who incorporated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the nice misplaced remark of Porphyry. the 2 most vital extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, that are to some degree reconstructed for them

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And the order of the given enumeration is suited to us, who are such as to proceed from the worse to the better and from the more particular to the more general because of the progress of our knowledge from the imperfect to the more perfect. 89 Hence he also enumerated them in the way we have said, since he wanted to make the end of the list the beginning of his instruction. 16a3 Now, what is in the vocal sound are symbols of the affections in the soul, and what is written of what are in the vocal sound.

18,10-12), but by the truth seen in the knowledge . In fact, we are used to saying that Socrates is truly a man, but the statue of Socrates is falsely , by which we mean merely that the definition of man is truly predicated of the notion (ennoia) of Socrates, but not of the statue. 110 For the forms which are always separate from matter and, as will be said of them in what follows, are actualities without potency are not beings in the same way as what requires matter for its proper existence and as matter itself, wholly formless and rightly called the ‘foundation’ (hupostathmê) of things, and as the mirror-images of visible things: rather, some are truly beings, others not truly such, others even falsely such;111 nor is the pleasure in intelligent activities (noerai energeiai), that in wicked activities, and that which follows upon false imaginings true in the same way.

20 25 30 It is clear that there are three kinds of division properly so called: that of the genus into its species, of the whole into its parts, and of the homonymous vocal sound into its different meanings, and it is also clear that assertion is divided into affirmation and negation, since we say that, of assertion, one sort is affirmative and the other negative. 80 Some, Alexander of Aphrodisias for example, have chosen to say that it is as an homonymous vocal sound is divided into different meanings, but others, such as the philosopher Porphyry,81 that it is as a genus is divided into species.

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